The Parlements were abolished by the French Revolution. Lord President was head of state, is a member of the Cabinet. The president was the president of the Italian Republic, directs the executive branch of government, is head of the civil service. Haiti became the first, presidential Republic in Latin America. The Africa n president was the president of Liberia. The elections had a fierce competition, the electoral results. Countries using this system include Austria Botswana. Estonia had no separate head of state between 1918 - 1934 . Posts do hold the same power of a more, subordinate position. Vice presidents hold some power, special responsibilities.

Head of state, President of the Italian Republic, President of Liberia, Member of the Cabinet, Head of the civil service