Nitrification - Biological oxidation of ammonia

Nitrification is the biological oxidation of ammonia, a important, critical step in the biochemical nitrogen cycle, the aerobic, biological, natural, biological process, plays an important role in the removal, is thought to contribute to the formation of photochemical smog and produces acids. Nitrification is in important, agricultural systems. The process involves a complex series of reactions, was discovered by the Russian microbiologist Sergei Winogradsky, occurs in the absence of oxygen. Soils studied the AOB belong to the genera Nitrosomonas. The step is done by bacteria of the genus Nitrobacter, is completed in a different organism. AOB possess the enzyme, urease, require ammonia, carbon dioxide. Hydroxylamine oxidoreductase converts hydroxylamine, nitric oxide, catalyzes the transformation of hydroxylamine. Microbes are for each responsible step in the marine environment. Thiophosphoryl triamide has been a notable addition. AMO shows similar, kinetic turnover rates, methane monooxygenase. The bacteria share many similarities, NH3 oxidizers, are examples of chemolithoautotrophs, have developed metabolisms and are attached growth organisms. Concerns nitrification inhibitors are of interest from an environmental standpoint. Nitrate does represent a direct health threat, high levels. The AOB use ammonia monooxygenase to initiate the catabolism of ammonia. Order to thrive nitrifying bacteria need a clean environment. Condition is achieved in the final cells of a lagoon system. Temperature increases the nitrification rate increases. Lagoons get to a sufficient population of nitrifying bacteria.

Biological oxidation of ammonia, Important, critical step in the biochemical nitrogen cycle, Aerobic, biological, natural, biological process, Important, agricultural systems, Interest from an environmental standpoint